Scientists consider many issues as they approach a project or experiment and need to plot a route that avoids pressures such as
- cutting costs,
- publishing results before they have been tested for reliability,
- borrowing from others' work without taking the time to properly acknowledge it and
- producing the results the funders hope for.
Think about your own practice for a minute - if your results in a class practical look wrong, do you ask to come in during the lunch break to repeat the experiment? Or simply 'borrow' someone else's?
The Institute of Physics has produced a teaching resource to act as a stimulus for teaching about science. It consists of a poster and a questionnaire for use with pupils which highlight safe and ethical approaches to scientific work.
They are available here.
What is evidence?