Marcus Grace and Mary Ratcliffe in their book ' Science for Citizenship: teaching socio-scientific issues' outline the knowledge, understanding and skills that students studying ethical issues in science acquire and that can be used to design assessment questions.
Learners can demonstrate understanding of:
- underpinning science concepts and the nature of scientific endeavour;
- probability and risk;
- the scope of the issue – personal, local, national, global, political and societal context;
- environmental sustainability.
Learners can engage successfully in:
- processes of opinion forming/decision making using a partial and possibly biased information base;
- cost benefit analysis;
- evidence evaluation including media reporting
- ethical reasoning
Attitudes and beliefs
- clarify personal and societal values and ideas of responsibility
- recognize how values and beliefs are brought to bear, alongside other factors, in considering socio-scientific issues